Hands-on Activity: Lunar Lollipops
Educational Standards :
Learning Objectives (Return to Contents)
After this activity, students should be able to:
Materials List (Return to Contents)
Introduction/Motivation (Return to Contents)
Why does the Moon appear different on different nights? (Listen to student explanations. Have students come to the classroom board and draw the various phases of the Moon that they have observed themselves. If students have completed a "Moon Log" as suggested in the associated lesson, Lunar Learning, have a few them might draw on the board some examples from their moon logs.)
Vocabulary/Definitions (Return to Contents)
Procedure (Return to Contents)
Before the Activity
With the Students
New Moon: Moon is between the Sun and the Earth and the shadowed side of the Moon is seen. A solar eclipse occurs in this phase when the Moon blocks light from the Sun from reaching a portion of the Earth. Have students close one eye to simulate a solar eclipse event.
Waxing Crescent: Rotating from a new Moon toward a first quarter, a backwards "C" shape appears on the Moon.
First Quarter: Right half of the side of the Moon facing Earth is lit. The right shoulder is pointed towards the Sun.
Waxing Gibbous: Rotating from a first quarter to a full Moon.
Full Moon: The Earth is between the Moon and the Sun, the entire lit side of the Moon is visible on Earth, (students' backs are to the Sun and Moons are above and in front of them so that they are fully lit). A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow. Have students simulate this event.
Waning Gibbous: Rotating from a full Moon to a last quarter, less and less of the Moon is lit each night
Last Quarter: Left half of the side of the Moon facing the Earth is lit, left shoulder is pointing to the Sun.
Waning Crescent: Rotating from a last quarter to a new Moon, a "C" shape of light is seen on the left side of the Moon.
Investigating Questions (Return to Contents)
Assessment (Return to Contents)
Worksheet: Have students complete the worksheet during the activity. Review their answers to assess their comprehension of the activity concepts.
Observations: During the activity, observe the students and ask yourself the followoing questions:
References (Return to Contents)
Theones, Hank. Lunar Lollipops activity. Last updated September 2000. Windows to the Universe, National Earth Science Teachers Association. Accessed 6/17/04. http://www.windows2universe.org/teacher_resources/lunar_edu.html
ContributorsCatie Liken, Teresa Tetlow
Copyright© 2013 by Regents of the University of Colorado; original © 2004 Duke University
Supporting Program (Return to Contents)Engineering K-PhD Program, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University
Acknowledgements (Return to Contents)
This content was developed by the MUSIC (Math Understanding through Science Integrated with Curriculum) Program in the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University under National Science Foundation GK-12 grant no. DGE 0338262. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policies of the NSF, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government.