Grade Level: 4 (3-5)
Choose From: 3 lessons and 3 activities
Subject Areas: Earth and Space
SummaryEarth science is an exciting field that includes exploring the Earth's crust and its landforms, and the geological processes that shape our planet's surface. From an engineering perspective, students learn about these Earth science concepts and explore them through hands-on activities.
Engineers use their knowledge of Earth science to design devices and processes that benefit our lives. Engineers help find and extract raw materials from the Earth's crust, which they use to help create the roads, vehicles, structures, electronics, chemicals, electricity, etc. that we use everyday. Civil engineers determine placement of our transportation infrastructure based on the geological conditions of an area. Engineers assess soil types and erosion factors prior to planning and erecting buildings, and analyze landforms in relation to mining, natural hazards and environmental protection issues.
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Students learn about major landforms (such as mountains, rivers, plains, valleys, canyons and plateaus) and how they occur on the Earth's surface. They learn about the civil and geotechnical engineering applications of geology and landforms, including the design of transportation systems, mining, ma...
Students are introduced to the primary types of erosion—chemical, water, wind, glacier and temperature. Students investigate examples of each erosion type and discuss how erosion changes the surface of the Earth.
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Last modified: August 3, 2021