Maker Challenge: Keep Your Cool! Design Your Own Cooler Challenge

Contributed by: Nanotechnology RET, Department of Earth Science, School Science and Technology, Rice University

Quick Look

Grade Level: Middle school

Time Required: 1 hours 30 minutes (wild guess!)

Subject Areas: Measurement, Problem Solving

(top) A group of students planning and sketching their cooler design. (bottom) The same group of students now holding up their finished handmade cooler box.
Students designing and then showing off their finished coolers!
copyright
Copyright © 2018 Chinyere Enemchukwu, Rice University RET

Maker Challenge Recap

Students design a cooler and monitor the effectiveness of its ability to keep a bottle of ice water cold in comparison to a bottle of ice water left at room temperature. Students have the opportunity to brainstorm a design of their cooler and its attributes. They then choose from the materials provided to create a prototype. They have the opportunity to test their prototype by measuring the room temperature, the starting temperature of the water and graphing and monitoring the change in temperature over increments time in comparison to the room temperature water.

Maker Materials & Supplies

  • Styrofoam
  • aluminum foil
  • newspaper
  • rags
  • plastic wrap
  • bubble wrap
  • trash bags
  • cardboard squares
  • flannel squares
  • duct tape
  • scissors
  • acrylic paint
  • bottles of water
  • thermometer
  • scale (to measure coolers)
  • butcher paper or a paper roll (to display graphing to rest of the class)
  • markers

Worksheets and Attachments

Visit [www.teachengineering.org/makerchallenges/view/rice-2405-cooler-design-engineering-challenge] to print or download.

More Curriculum Like This

What Is Heat?

Students learn about the definition of heat as a form of energy and how it exists in everyday life. They learn about the three types of heat transfer—conduction, convection and radiation—as well as the connection between heat and insulation.

Middle School Lesson
To Heat or Not to Heat?

Students are introduced to various types of energy with a focus on thermal energy and types of heat transfer as they are challenged to design a better travel thermos that is cost efficient, aesthetically pleasing and meets the design objective of keeping liquids hot.

High School Activity
What's Hot and What's Not?

With the help of simple, teacher-led demonstration activities, students learn the basic physics of heat transfer by means of conduction, convection and radiation. They also learn about examples of heating and cooling devices, from stove tops to car radiators, that they encounter in their homes, scho...

Middle School Lesson
Heat Transfer: No Magic About It

Students learn the scientific concepts of temperature, heat and the transfer of heat through conduction, convection and radiation, which are illustrated by comparison to magical spells found in the Harry Potter books.

Kickoff

It is important to be able to keep food and drinks at a temperature that makes them safe for consumption, but we do not always have access to refrigeration. This is especially the case in outdoor settings such as camping, or in parts of the world where there is not access to adequate refrigeration.

Engineers, like you, can take materials that they have access to and create solutions to a given problem, such as keeping cool things cool (or hot things hot). In addition to making sure that their product functions for its purpose, engineers also consider other design elements that would affect the usability of the product from consumers, such as appearance, weight, ease of transport, and so on.

The best designs are able to keep objects cool the longest, are lightweight, easily to clean, and easily portable. An aesthetic design, something that is stylish or pleasing to the eye, is also important in a product design. As you design your cooler, keep all of these factors in mind. Also, as a point of reference, safe refrigeration temperatures are anything at or below 4.5°C (or about 40°F).  Ultimately, you will be testing the functionality of your cooler by noting the change in temperature over time in comparison to leaving the ice water out at room temperature. How will your team work to keep your cool today? Let us get started!

Show students the Keep Your Cool! PowerPoint Presentation.

Maker Time

Have the class organize into engineering teams of three or four students each. Encourage students to form groups that bring together people with different strengths.

Pass out the Keep Your Cool! Worksheet for students to complete throughout the challenge.

Allow the students to brainstorm and sketch a blueprint of their design. The designs should include labels for the materials they use in construction. Students need to construct a blueprint that shows both what the inside and outside will look like and what materials they plan to use. Once completed, students should share the results of their design with the rest of their group. As a group, they should then work on agreeing on what aspects of the design they will use—weighing input from each group member.

Once the group agrees on a design, the teacher can then provide the requested materials to the groups.  

Questions/thoughts to guide students thinking include:

  1. What function will the materials that you are adding provide?
  2. What changes could you possibly make to improve ___________ aspect of your design (style, ease of cleaning, weight, portability, etc.)?
  3. Explain how your design works.
  4. If you were buying a cooler from the store, what would you think would be important for it to have?

Wrap Up

Have students share their design and the results of their design (including the graphing) with the rest of the class. Afterwards, ask students the following questions:

  1. What worked well and what didn’t?
  2. How would you rate your design on the design elements of functionality, ease of cleaning style, weight, and portability? (Scale of 1-5, 5 is best).
  3. How would you change your cooler design for the future?

(top) A group of students planning and sketching their cooler design. (bottom) The same group of students now holding up their finished handmade cooler box.
Examples of student-designed coolers.
copyright
Copyright © 2018 Chinyere Enemchukwu, Rice University RET

Contributors

Chinyere Enemchukwu

Copyright

© 2019 by Regents of the University of Colorado; original © 2018 Rice University

Supporting Program

Nanotechnology RET, Department of Earth Science, School Science and Technology, Rice University

Acknowledgements

This material was developed based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under grant no. EEC 1406885—the Nanotechnology Research Experience for Teachers at the Rice University School Science and Technology in Houston, TX. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Special thanks to Isaias Cerda, Christina Crawford, Dr. Carolyn Nichol, Dr. Han Xiao and Yuda Chen.

Last modified: July 30, 2019

Comments

Free K-12 standards-aligned STEM curriculum for educators everywhere.
Find more at TeachEngineering.org