Grade Level: Elementary school
Time Required: 1 hour
Expendable Cost/Group: US $0.50
Group Size: 2
Subject Areas: Measurement, Problem Solving, Science and Technology
Bolded words are vocabulary and concepts to highlight with students during the activity.
Many engineers apply what they know about mathematical and scientific knowledge to the design of new structures, products and systems. Engineers often convey their design intentions through accurate drawings, specifications and instructions. This includes creating labeled sketches to communicate design details to customers, factories and end users. Let's imagine that we are engineers and make some design drawings.
Each group needs:
- 5 Popsicle or craft sticks
- 5 plastic drinking straws
- 4 Lifesaver® mint candies, for use as wheels
- 3 sheets of paper
- 12 inches (30 cm) of masking tape
Using the specified materials, teams are challenged to draw designs for wind-powered cars. Then, they trade engineering drawings with other groups and attempt to construct the model cars in order to determine how successfully the original design intentions were communicated.
- Organize the students into groups of two.
- Hand out the supplies to each group.
- Tell groups to each carefully and thoroughly draw out the design for a wind-powered car on one sheet of paper; then have the design checked by the instructor. The goal of the car is to travel as far as possible from one "puff" of air. Explain that students will not build their cars; instead, they will trade their drawings with another team and build the other team's cars based on the drawings.
- Remind students of the following:
- Be very clear with the drawings; use dimensions and indicate how parts are attached to each other.
- Do not write instructions on how to build the cars; the drawing alone must be detailed enough that the other team is able to create it from the labeled sketch.
- It helps to draw the cars from multiple angles. (For younger students, skip this requirement if it seems too challenging.)
- After giving groups time to draw their car plans, have them switch drawings with other groups. Then have them attempt to build the other group's car from the drawing information. If a group gets stuck on the design, permit them to have a brief meeting with the original design engineers.
- At the end, have students test their cars in front of the rest of the class.
- If time remains, have groups work on design improvements (iterations).
Wrap Up - Thought Questions
- Were you able to convey your design to the other team using your drawing?
- What would you improve about your drawing?
- What would you improve about your car design?
More Curriculum Like This
Students design, build and test towers made of craft sticks and/or dowels.
Students design and build alarm systems to protect something of theirs when they are not around.
Students design, build and test bridges made of uncooked spaghetti noodles.
Students are introduced to detail drawings and the importance of clearly documenting and communicating their designs. They are introduced to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Y14.5 standard, which controls how engineers communicate and archive design information.
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Last modified: July 21, 2017