Hands-on Activity Induced EMF in a Coil of Wire

Quick Look

Grade Level: 12 (10-12)

Time Required: 45 minutes

Expendable Cost/Group: US $13.00

Cost includes items you may have but will need to replace more frequently (resistors, wire, diodes, LEDs, capacitors); see the Materials List for additional necessary non-expendable (reusable) items.

Group Size: 2

Activity Dependency:

Subject Areas: Physics

NGSS Performance Expectations:

NGSS Three Dimensional Triangle

A photograph shows a circuit board.
Current travels from coil to conductor.
Copyright © Mainboard, Free Images, Getty Images http://www.sxc.hu/photo/862811


Students use a simple setup consisting of a coil of wire and a magnet to visualize induced EMF. First, they move a coil of wire near a magnet and observe the voltage that results. Then they experiment with moving the wire, magnet and a second, current-carrying coil. They connect the coil to a circuit and the current from the induced EMF charges a conductor.
This engineering curriculum aligns to Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).

Engineering Connection

To create MRI machines, engineers harness the power of radiation to produce images of the body while designing the equipment to protect patient and medical personnel from any dangerous side effects. To do this, engineers who develop MRI safety strategies must be aware of voltage changes occuring in metal objects within the magnetic field as result of the motion and strength of the field. At activity end, students consider this application with respect to MRI machines in the handout questions 1-3.

Learning Objectives

After this activity, students should be able to:

  • Describe the motional EMF produced when a coil of wire moves through a magnetic field or a magnetic field moves through a coil of wire.
  • Explain the induced EMF when a magnetic field through a coil of wire is increased.
  • Charge a conductor using current from an induced EMF.

Educational Standards

Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K-12 science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) educational standards.

All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN), a project of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org).

In the ASN, standards are hierarchically structured: first by source; e.g., by state; within source by type; e.g., science or mathematics; within type by subtype, then by grade, etc.

NGSS Performance Expectation

HS-PS3-5. Develop and use a model of two objects interacting through electric or magnetic fields to illustrate the forces between objects and the changes in energy of the objects due to the interaction. (Grades 9 - 12)

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This activity focuses on the following Three Dimensional Learning aspects of NGSS:
Science & Engineering Practices Disciplinary Core Ideas Crosscutting Concepts
Develop and use a model based on evidence to illustrate the relationships between systems or between components of a system.

Alignment agreement:

When two objects interacting through a field change relative position, the energy stored in the field is changed.

Alignment agreement:

Cause and effect relationships can be suggested and predicted for complex natural and human designed systems by examining what is known about smaller scale mechanisms within the system.

Alignment agreement:

  • Medical technologies include prevention and rehabilitation, vaccines and pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical procedures, genetic engineering, and the systems within which health is protected and maintained. (Grades 9 - 12) More Details

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  • Assess how similarities and differences among scientific, mathematical, engineering, and technological knowledge and skills contributed to the design of a product or system. (Grades 9 - 12) More Details

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  • Results of scientific inquiry--new knowledge and methods--emerge from different types of investigations and public communication among scientists. In communicating and defending the results of scientific inquiry, arguments must be logical and demonstrate connections between natural phenomena, investigations, and the historical body of scientific knowledge. In addition, the methods and procedures that scientists used to obtain evidence must be clearly reported to enhance opportunities for further investigation. (Grades 9 - 12) More Details

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  • Explore the flow of charge and electric currents. (Grades 9 - 12) More Details

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  • Design an experiment to demonstrate the flow of charged particles and an electric current. (Grades 9 - 12) More Details

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Materials List

Each group needs:

  • 2 gilley coils*
  • rubber-coated NdFeB magnet
  • multimeter
  • 6V lantern battery or 5V DC power wupply
  • 1000-ohm resistor
  • 3 wires with alligator clip leads
  • several hookup wires
  • diode
  • LED
  • 100 μF capacitor
  • breadboard
  • Induced EMF in a Coil of Wire Handout, one per student

* Gilley coil induction sets are available online from a number of venders for ~$50. Improvise an easy alternative by winding a 2-inch diameter coil of 100 turns using 20 gauge magnet wire held together with duct tape.

Worksheets and Attachments

Visit [www.teachengineering.org/activities/view/van_mri_act_less_8] to print or download.


We have learned that magnets can create a current in a wire. In this lab, we will experiment with this current and then use it to charge a capacitor. Learning more about the properties of magnetic fields will help us to better understand MRI machines so we can work to solve our MRI safety challenge.


  1. Gather materials and make copies of the Induced EMF in a Coil of Wire Handout.
  2. If desired, divide the class into small groups of two or three students each.
  3. Distribute the materials and handout.
  4. Direct students to follow the handout instructions to explore the current that is created when a loop of coil is passed over a permanent magnet.
  5. Then have them follow the instructions to create a circuit and use this induced EMF to light a diode.
  6. Conclude the activity by giving students time to individually prepare summary lab reports, as described on the handout and in the Assessment section.


Post-Lab Assessment

Lab Reports: As directed on the Induced EMF in a Coil of Wire Handout, have students individually prepare summary lab reports that include answering the four application questions, listing their observations, and describing any problems or issues that occurred during the lab. Review their lab reports to gauge their depth of comprehension. If desired, lead a class discussion in which students share their results, conclusions and answers to the questions, paying special attention to conclusions that relate to the ongoing engineering grand challenge of the unit.


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© 2013 by Regents of the University of Colorado; original © 2006 Vanderbilt University


Eric Appelt

Supporting Program

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering, Vanderbilt University


The contents of this digital library curriculum were developed under National Science Foundation RET grant nos. 0338092 and 0742871. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policies of the NSF, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government.

Last modified: April 19, 2019

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